Net Operating Working Capital

A traditional measure of a company’s liquidity and potential for growth. Net operating working capital is defined as non-interest bearing current assets minus non-interest charging liabilities:
Net operating working capital = current assets – current liabilities
Generally, net operating working capital is equal to cash, accounts receivables, and inventories less accounts payable and accruals. Currently, the traditaional definition does not include either natural or human capital in its calculation, which enables companies to bypass these measures when assessing their performance. This makes it easy for corporations to ignore the lack of efficiency in their use of natural of human resources.

  • working capital

    I think that faster a business expands, the more cash it will need for
    working capital and investment. The cheapest and best sources of cash exist as working capital right within business. Good management of working capital will generate cash will help improve profits and reduce risks. Bear in mind that the cost of providing credit to customers and holding stocks can represent a substantial proportion of a firm’s total profits.

  • David Eles

    It is FALSE!
    It is Working Capital!
    WC= current assets- current liabilities
    Net operating working capital= (cash+account receivables+inventory)-(account payables+accruals)

    • Mirza Nabeel Khalil

      (cash , a/c receivable, and inventory is also current asset ) and (bill payable, a/c payable , debts or accrual are current liabilities)

      • Mirza Nabeel Khalil

        Net operating working capital or NOWC is calculated by taking the current assets required in operations and subtracting non-interest bearing liabilities. NOWC helps assess a company’s liquidity because it looks only at current assets and liabilities required to operate the business. Current assets typically include cash, accounts receivable, and inventories, but exclude marketable securities. Current liabilities typically include accounts payable and accruals, but exclude short term debt.


  • Josh Atlas

    Actually you are all wrong about Net Operating Working Capital.
    NOWC = Change in CA – Change non-interest bearing CL – Change in Surplus Cash

    • Riya

      whether interest payable or receivable considered while computing working capital changes in cash flow statemen..?im caipcc student..plz do reply

  • Spud

    Haha, shouldn’t you be chgriang for that kind of knowledge?!

  • isra

    operating WC is CA- non interest bearing CL.

  • Working Capital Calculation

    You all are partly right partly wrong because in the reality there are many modification of working capital calculation as well as operating capital calculation…

  • nayla

    working capital=Current asset-current liablity

  • nayla

    working capital=Current asset-current liability

  • Pillsbury

    the best way to calculate net working capital is by removing Cash & ST Investments from the current assets and removing Notes Payable/ST borrowing/ Current portion of LT debt from Current liabilities.

  • Faizan Javaid

    Working Capital = Current Assets − Current Liabilities

    Current assets are assets that are expected to be realized in a year or within one operating cycle.

    Current liabilities are obligations that are required to be paid within a year or within one operating cycle.