A term originally used to describe an approach to managing land resources that builds biodiversity, improves production, generates financial strength, and improves the quality of life for those who use it. Holistic Management addresses the farm, family, and community as an integrated whole, instead of as separate parts. Coined by Allan Savory, a biologist in Zimbabwe, the method can be applied to organizations, businesses, communities, or individuals in need of making decisions.
In taking a whole-systems approach, decision makers need to first identify all of the stakeholders in relation to the decision, including both people and nature. Once the stakeholders are identified, a goal or statement of purpose is defined with the consideration of individual and group needs as well as nature’s current and future needs. The group then tests all future decisions and actions by considering whether or not they will help reach this goal.